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First Artificial Satellite: October 4 in Tech History

first artificial satellite

October 4, 1957: The Soviet Union launched the first artificial satellite


First Artificial Satellite: Sputnik-I was the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth. This move by the Soviet Union was considered as its victory move over the US and played a major role in heating up the space race between the two countries. It’s cashing opened the springs snapped and the nosecone was pushed out of the way a ball with four antennae emerged to go it alone in the darkness of space and a radio began to send a signal back to earth. The humanity had entered the space age.

first artificial satellite

In the retrospect, it is easy to see how an enormous American effort in space that followed and ultimately lead to the Apollo Moon landing, was sparked to life by a single event of Oct. 4, 1957. The world entered the Space Age at that time a multi-stage rocket took off from a launching in America.

The satellite traveled at about 29,000 kilometers per hour (18,000 mph; 8,100 m/s), taking 96.2 minutes to complete each orbit. It transmitted on 20.005 and 40.002 MHz, which were monitored by amateur radio operators throughout the world. The signals continued for 21 days until the transmitter batteries ran out on 26 October 1957.

October 4, 1985: Richard Stallman started the non-profit organization ‘Free Software Foundation’


The Free Software Foundation is a renowned non-profit organization that promotes the universal freedom to study, distribute, create and modifies computer software. 30 years ago, on this day, Richard Stallman founded the organization with the motto of ‘free software, free society’.

The organization’s Current high priority tasks include reverse engineering proprietary firmware; reversible debugging in GNU Debugger; developing automatic transcription and video editing software, Gnash, GNU Octave, Coreboot, drivers for network routers and creating replacements for Skype, Google Earth, Open DWG libraries, BitTorrent Sync and Oracle Forms.

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